Alfred Maurer (1868–1932) was an important American Modernist artist who studied at the National Academy of Design (New York) in 1884 and at the Acadamie Julian (Paris) in 1897. He worked in Paris for 14 years and was the first American painter to adopt the Fauvist style he had seen there, particularly at the home of his friends, Gertrude and Leo Stein. In 1914 Maurer returned to America with a unique painting expression that combined cubist abstraction, bold portraiture and high color. This approach would serve him for the rest of his life. He exhibited his work in New York at Alfred Stieglitz’s Gallery 291 and in the 1913 Armory Show.
Dissatisfied with his life and acceptance as an artist, Alfred Maurer committed suicide in New York in 1932. A retrospective of his work was held, forty years after his death, in 1973 at the National Museum of American Art. Works by Alfred Maurer can be found in every major museum collection of American Art, and in private collections throughout the world.